Melissa officinalis is a perennial herb that originates from countries east of the Mediterranean Sea. In our country, bee grass is found in shady places, especially in plain areas. It is a very aromatic plant and if we rub it between our hands, it smells like lemon.
The ancient Greeks have used bee herb since 2000 years ago. At that time, bee grass was a herbal remedy in honor of the goddess Diana. In the Middle Ages, bee herb was used to treat wounds, toothaches, dog bites, sprained necks, and vomiting during pregnancy. Legend has it that bee grass was also used against hair loss.
Bee herb is known as melissa officinalis or lemon balm. Over the years, bee herb has also been used against bronchitis, fever, headaches, blood pressure, virosis, mood disorders, tremors, vomiting and toothaches. In folk medicine, bee grass leaves also cure menstrual cramps.
The dried leaves of the lemon balm plant contain 0.06-0.8% essential oil, which contains monoterpene aldehydes. The leaves contain up to 6% of the flow of hydroxycinnamic acid (rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid), monoterpenic glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, etc.. The amount and components of the volatile oil, among others, depend on the origin, climate, year and cut.
In Albania, bee grass is also known as milcë, mickel in the areas of Kruja, erex, pselik in the areas of Berat and spelinok as it is known in Korçë. This herb is still used today against nervous irritations, problems with insomnia, digestion and urinary spasms.
The essential oils of bee grass contain substances that relax the muscles, especially the bladder, stomach, uterus. Prominent European scientific organizations cite bee herb’s abilities to internally cure mood swings, anxiety, digestive problems and cold sores when applied externally.
The use of bee herb as a tea has also received the German license to be used against sleep disorders, curing problems in the gastrointestinal tract and stimulating the appetite. Bee grass is consumed as tea, but its leaves can also be added to salads and consumed fresh.
The plant has mild, soothing and antispasmodic properties. It also helps soothe the gastrointestinal tract from bloating, inflammation and gas. It is worth noting that the plant also helps to stimulate the production of digestive enzymes by the liver, thus helping the digestion of food. Bee grass eases stool and helps remove mold in the intestines.
Bee herb has a powerful calming effect on the nervous system. We use it extensively in many diseases related to the nervous system. So far, the plant has given a lot of results, especially in calming people who often get nervous. It has resulted in the removal of anxiety and acute stress.
It is very effective in migraine headaches. All individuals who have tried it are extremely satisfied, as this plant works better than medications for this disease. We have had patients who have had headaches 20 days a month, (and have reached the recurrence of migraines 3-4 times a month), are still continuing the cure for migraines that contain a very high percentage of spleen.
It helps in regulating the balance, especially in people suffering from middle ear. In addition, bee grass or milca also helps to calm heart attacks, therefore it is recommended to be used regularly as a tea by individuals who have heart problems, high blood pressure or arrhythmia.
In addition, spleen helps to relieve pain caused by menstruation, regulate the cycle process. If you have problems related to the cycle such as repeating the cycle once every few months, or severe pain, this plant is highly recommended to be used 2 times a day for about 2 weeks. It can also be used to soothe the gums.
If you have gum irritation, or you have just put your teeth in, you can use spleen tea to rinse your mouth in the morning and in the evening. The daily dose of dried and chopped bee grass leaves is 1.5-4.5g. The tea is prepared by adding 1 tablespoon of leaves to 2 cups of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes and drink 2 times a day.